The Department of Special Collections is located on the ground floor of the Robert James Terry Library and houses published and unpublished materials that require special care and handling.
Special Collections includes the Traditional African Art Gallery and the Charles F. Heartman Collection. The department houses the official records of Texas Southern University and has collected several manuscript collections. The largest of these collections is the Congresswoman Barbara Jordan Archives.
THE TRADITIONAL AFRICAN ART GALLERY
Dr. John Biggers, world-renowned artist, established the Art Department at Texas Southern University in 1949. One of his major goals for the University was to develop a collection of traditional Africa Art. Such a collection would enable the students at Texas Southern to develop a "perceptual growth" and cultural sensitivity to African art. In the early, 1970s, S.W. Mothershed, director of the University Library, used funds from the budget allocated for art books and library auxiliary funds to buy a few pieces of African Art. Mr. Mothershed also spearheaded the building of the Central Library African Art Gallery that presently houses the African Art Collection. When the collection was established during the 1970s fewer than one dozen collections of traditional African art were located at historically Black colleges and universities. The Collection contains 247 pieces of art from West Africa, Central Africa and East Africa.
The Heartman Collection contains over 11,000 books, pamphlets, slave narratives, journals, musical scores, and other documents relating to the black experience in the United States and the world. The University acquired the original collection from Heartman in 1948 for the sum of $20,000. The Heartman Collection is named for Charles Frederick Heartman, a well-known antiquarian book dealer. One of his strongest legacies is in the field of Afro-Americana. During his lifetime, he developed two Heartman Collections; one collection is at Xavier University in New Orleans and the other is at Texas Southern University and is considered the largest African American collection in the southwest. The Department of Special Collections continues to purchase books that are culturally, political and socially landmark works that interpret and preserve the African American experience. The collection now includes over 22000 volumes.
Houston League of Business and Professional Women
The official Records of the organization including reports, histories, bylaws, programs, videotapes and photographs.
Texas Southern University Archives
Dr. Charles Law was appointed as University Archivist in 1977. At that time, he published the first bibliography of university documents. In 1979, Dr. Law developed a proposal for the establishment of a University Archives at Texas Southern University. Since that time, the archives in the library has housed the official records of Texas Southern University. The records include board meeting minutes, presidential papers, yearbooks, dissertations, photographs and other documents related to the history and development of the institution.
*NEW* Special Collections is now included in the Texas Historical Commission's new mobile app! The app features virtual tours of many different historical sites around Texas. Click here to go to the app.
Barbara Jordan Papers
Barbara Jordan (1936-1996) was the first African American woman to serve in the Texas State Senate; she was the first African American U.S. Representative from Texas and the first African American to deliver a keynote speech at the Democratic National Convention. Jordan donated her papers to Texas Southern University in 1978. When Jordan attended Texas Southern University 1952-1956, she was active on the Debate Team and graduated magna cum laude. Click here for the finding aid. *NEW!* Click here for a virtual exhibit about Jordan's turn as "Governor for a Day" in 1972.
Curtis Graves Papers
Curtis Graves (1938) was the first African American to serve in the State House since Texas Reconstruction. Graves served in the House 1966-1972. Graves graduated from Texas Southern University with a BBA in 1962. Click here for a pdf of the finding aid.
Thomas Freeman Papers
The Freeman Papers are still being processed. Dr. Freeman has taught Philosophy at Texas Southern University since 1949. He has also been the debate coach since 1949. Under Dr. Freeman's leadership and guidance, the Texas Southern Debate Team has attained international fame. He has been a powerful intellectual force in the African American community and has had a number of outstanding students on the debate team. Some of them include Barbara Jordan, Texas State Senator Rodney Ellis, Otis King, the first African American City Attorney, Judge Andrew Jefferson and Dr. James Race.
Ollington E. Smith Papers
While on faculty at TSU, Smith served as chairman of the English Department and was the first chairman of the Department of Speech and Drama. A specialist in World Literature, Smith was a noted theater director who established the Department of Theatre, the Texas Southern University Players, and the Little Theater. The Ollington E. Smith Papers consists of reports, syllabi, lecture notes, and departmental recommendations relating to the evolution of the Departments of English, Speech and Drama; the Texas Southern University Players repertory group; information on play production, play programs, costume and set designs (including some original drawings and sketches); the Fine Arts Festival; photographs of various play productions directed by Smith; programs from Morgan State Players productions; and an extensive collection of Playbills from 1934 to 1959. Click here for a pdf of the finding aid.
African American Commemorative Coin Collection
This is a collection of 11 African American commemorative coins, purchased by the Robert J. Terry Library from a private collector ca. 2009. The coins feature notable African American figures and events in African American history, including Booker T. Washington, Rosa Parks, Duke Ellington, and George Washington Carver. Numismatics is the scientific analysis and study of money and the uses to which people have put money throughout history. Coin collectors use the word "numismatics" when speaking specifically of the study of coins. A wider and more correct definition includes the study and collecting of all money-related items such as banknotes, tokens, medals, bullion rounds, etc. The study of coins can be useful to historians as they can provide historical, social, political and economical context for civilizations, cultures, or specific persons or events. Click here for a pdf of the finding aid.
*NEW* Nelson Mandela Historical Newspapers Collection
This is a collection of twenty-one South African and other international newspapers published in 2012-2014 that cover the reaction to Mandela's illnesses and death in the South African news media. Click here for a pdf of the finding aid.
*NEW* Thomas Meloncon Papers
This is a collection of papers belonging to Texas Southern University professor and
playwright Thomas Meloncon (1948-).
Materials include play scripts, press clippings, programs, and a biographical sketch. Click here for a pdf of the finding aid.
This is a war ration book from World War II, ca. 1943. It belonged to Elizabeth B. Roberson and was donated to Special Collections in 2008.
During World War II, food was in short supply because much of the processed and canned foods America produced was shipped overseas to our military and Allied troops. It was also difficult to get fresh foods like milk, vegetables and meat due to gasoline and tire rationing; transportation of soldiers and war supplies was prioritized, and imported foods, like coffee and sugar, were hard to come by due to restrictions on importing.
The U.S. government’s Office of Price Administration established a ration system of rationing that would more fairly distribute foods that were in short supply. During the war every American was issued ration books periodically that contained removable stamps. The stamps were designated for certain rationed items, like canned goods, coffee, meats, sugar, and the like. Shoppers couldn't buy items that were restricted without also giving the grocer the corresponding ration stamp. Once a shopper's ration stamps were used up for a month, that person couldn’t buy any more of that item. Most food shopping during this era was done by women, so wives and mothers were usually the caretakers of a household's ration books; rationing meant careful meal planning and wasting as little food as possible.
POLICIES AND SERVICES
The materials in the Department of Special Collections may not be borrowed through Interlibrary Loan or to circulate. Researchers or individuals who would like to use the collections are encouraged to do the following:
THE ARCHIVAL COLLECTIONS
Write a letter that 1) identifies you and your group; 2) describes how the information requested will be used; 3) describes what information is needed from us and 4) if a visit to the archives is planned, please specify a tentative date. The letter may be faxed (713-313-1080) or e-mailed (janice.peyton@tsu) or mailed to the attention of Dr. Janice Peyton, Robert J. Terry Library, Texas Southern University, 3100 Cleburne, Houston, Texas 77004. Special authorization must be obtained to use information or photographs from the archival collections. Contact Special Collections to obtain information regarding reproduction of photographs and materials.
HOURS OF SERVICE
The archival collections are opened by appointment, Monday-Friday 8am-5pm. The Heartman Collection is open Monday-Friday, 8:00am-5pm, and is closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Visitors are required to have a valid school ID or driver's license to gain access to the materials. Photocopies are self-service, and cost $.05 per page. A copy card can be purchased ($1) in the library for the photocopier.
The mission of the Special Collections unit is to acquire, preserve and make available materials of individuals and of non-profit and community-based organizations that document the contributions made by African Americans to Houston history. Collections focus on alumni, faculty, administrators or staff from Texas Southern University or individuals or organization from surrounding communities.
Ruth Bledsoe, Library Assistant (713) 313-7149
Joyce Thomas, Library Assistant (713) 313-4422